Download image These decisions to allow doors to lucrative job opportunities to close do not take place in a vacuum. Many factors might make it difficult for a young woman to see herself working in computer science or a similarly remunerative field. A particularly depressing example is the well-publicized evidence of sexism in the tech industry Hewlett et al. Young women may be discouraged from certain career paths because of industry culture.
Size of the gender wage gap and its causes Size of the gender wage gap and its causes Investigating African and Caribbean Black perceptions and experiences of the size of the gender wage gap and its causes.
Abstract This is a mixed methods study aimed at assessing whether there is a variance in the perceptions of the size of the gender wage gap, and if there is a variance in the way different ethnicities perceive the causes of the gender wage gap, focusing specifically on the employer discrimination variable.
Pre-existing research on gender wage gap perceptions specifically of African or Caribbean Black was very limited, so the interest in addressing a specific demography was sparked. However, pre-existing research notes that the causes of the gender wage gap differ due to a multiplicity of variables.
This study consists of respondents recruited in a convenience sampling framework, and 12 interviews were pooled for qualitative analysis.
The quantitative data did not return a statistically significant between the pairs of variables, and the controls. The qualitative data semi-structured interviews allow for a wider breadth of understanding of the perceptions of the gender wage gap.
The census showed us that in the ten years sinceBritain became more ethnically diverse: Considering this, a more in-depth analysis of how different ethnicities, especially this large a percentage of the population, perceive and understand the gender wage gap would be helpful in policymaking and awareness in order to remedy or tackle the issue.
As the gender wage gap perceptions of African Black and Caribbean Black people in the UK seem to be relatively unexplored, which I will address in a review of literature related to this issue, the purpose of this study is to attempt to highlight the perceptions of the gender wage gap from people whom are members of these groups.
The range of literature addressing this same area of concern is seemingly significantly limited, and this sparked my interest in the topic area. Examining the literature, I discovered that although many studies explored the gender wage gap, or the differences in ethnic minority employment levels and wage levels, there was a lack of attention given to perceptions of the gap.
Blackaby et alusing the Office of National Statistics Labour Force Survey data from around 60, UK households to examine how native ethnic minorities are fairing in the British labour market, found large differences in employment levels by ethnicity.
Using data pooled from toof British born ethnic minority people, they found that there is a Green and Ferber also offer explanations for the ethnic wage gap, concluding that although discrimination plays a significant role in the differentials, other factors such as occupation and education contribute to the discrepancies.
Following on from this, Mandel and Semyonov used data from five decennial years between and to investigate gender differences in trends and sources of the racial pay gap. Although the aim was not to identify a gender wage gap, they found that the data suggested earning inequality is more gendered than racialized and women of both races share considerable earnings disadvantage relative to men.
Although the three pieces of literature I reviewed gave great detail and attention to identifying the gap, and at times considering the drivers of this, I felt that my study needed to focus on the perceptions of the gap of black African and Caribbean people, as it had not seemed to have been attempted before.
Hence, the focus of this research will be to understand gender wage gap perceptions using a mixed methods approach, attempting to address two research questions: METHODS This study set out to use a mixed methods approach to examining perceptions of the gender wage gap, to aid depth and breadth of understanding and corroboration Bryman By using a process of triangulation, defined as the combination of different methodologies when studying or examining the same phenomenon Jick,it is hoped that this study will address perceptions of the gender wage gap with a more holistic and complete approach.
From this thinking, I developed research questions and hypotheses aimed at investigating the relationship of ethnicity and perception of gender wage gap utilising the capabilities of investigation the mixed methods approach allows for. Research Question 1 How do people of African and Caribbean descent Black perceive the size gender wage gap relative to another ethnicity White and other ethnic categories.
Using the variable of employer discrimination H0: There is no association between ethnicity and perception of the cause of the gender wage gap Ha:The Gender Pay Gap In Literature Economics Essay. Print Reference this.
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In command economy wage discrimination based on sex was hence restrained in line with the Soviet. Abstract. This is a mixed methods study aimed at assessing whether there is a variance in the perceptions of the size of the gender wage gap, and if there is a variance in the way different ethnicities perceive the causes of the gender wage gap, focusing specifically on the employer discrimination .
Article Title:Sectoral Gender Wage Differentials and Discrimination in the Transitional Chinese Economy Author(s): Pak-Wai Liu, Xin Meng and Junsen Zhang Source: Journal of Population Economics, Vol. 13, No. 2 (Jul., ), The purpose of study is to examine the impact of market transformation and economic reforms on gender wage differentials.
Gender discrimination in the workplace occurs when men receive preferential treatment over women. This can include being hired for a job over more qualified women, offered better working conditions, getting higher salaries for the same work, or getting more advancement opportunities.
Reflections on the Gender Wage Gap Essay Words 5 Pages The gender wage gap is a complicated issue that has persisted despite the Equal Pay Act of that promised equal pay for equal work. Working Papers. IDEAS Economic Literature. Economists. Publications. Seminars and Conferences.
FROM THE The Gender Wage Gap And Wage Discrimination: Illusion or Reality? Understanding the Gender Wage Gap: An economic History of Amerian Women. Oxford University Press,